Fabric Definitions

Brushed
A fabric that has been mechanically brushed to raise fibres, giving a softer look and feel

Contrast
Where 2 or more contrast coloured fabrics are used next to each other in the one product.

Crease resistance or wrinkle resistance
The ability for a fabric to be resistant to creasing during use by applying special finishes.

Glow in the dark
A printing process that has a phosphorescent finish and therefore “glows in the dark” after it has been subjected to light.

High visibility
Where a garment has fluorescent and/or retro reflective material used to achieve high visibility. These are specific to safety garments worn by people in situations where they may be exposed to hazards.

Light colour
Colours with less than 1/25 standard depth.

Long Floats
A float is a thread that is bought to or above the surface of a woven fabric, quite often over several intersecting yarns.

Loose / Open Weave
Where the ends and picks of a woven fabric are not close together or dense, an example of an open weave fabric is cheese cloth.

Low Pill
A fabric that has been engineered or treated to reduce the number of pills.

Microfibre
A very fine filament or staple fibre that is less than 1 denier per filament or 10 microns in diameter.

Mainstream
Kmart’s normal or mainstream product offering within the House brand range.

Moisture management fabric
Fibres that have been engineered or a fabric that has been treated to achieve wicking properties.

Natural Blend
Blend is a combination of fibres, natural meaning that the fibres are not man made or chemically derived or altered.

Overdyed
To either excessively dye or dye more than one time.

Permanent Label
A label containing fibre content, care instructions, country of origin etc., sewn or permanently attached to the garment.

Labelling Information Printed on Garment
Labelling information that is printed on the back neck label for tops or below centre back waist for bottoms.

Premium
Within the House brand product range.

Print fastness
The ability for a print to retain its colour after washing.

Stain release
The ability for a fabric to resist spots or stains, achieved through applying special finishes.

Synthetic Blend
Blend is a combination of fibres, synthetic is that the fibres are manmade or chemically derived or altered.

Thermal performance
The extent to which a material or fabric can reduce heat loss or insulate from heat.

Thermal resistance (warmth rating)
The measure of what extent a filled product can retain heat. The product is tested to obtain a tog rating.

Traditional knit or knitwear
Generic term to weft knitted outerwear garments such as sweaters.

Treated
A fabric that has been finished with a chemical treatment that provides it with a specialised feature such as wrinkle resistance.

Trims and embellishments
Decorative accessories that are attached to a product that serves as a functional or aesthetic property.

Verify to contract
The specification/contract/buyers product form must be substantiated, for example the weight that has been stated in the specification.

Water absorbency
The ability for a fabric to absorb water and its ratio by weight.

Wettability
The ability for a fabric to become wet by allowing water to spread over the surface of the fabric and is represented by time.

Wicking
The ability for moisture to be drawn through the fabric.

Water repellency
The degree of a fabric to resist surface wetting or water penetration.

Water proof
The ability of a fabric to be fully resistant to the penetration of water.

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