Introduction about organic textile for Global Organic Textiles Standard (GOTS) and Organic Content Standard (OCS)

Why Organic Textile

Organic Textiles demand is increasing all over the world specially in European countries. Mainly because of increasing awareness among people about the uses of large quantities of chemicals, pesticides and fertilizers to grow cotton and harsh chemicals to process final product, resulting in environmental pollution and ill effect on human health. The surveys show that the number of facilities certified to GOTS has grown by more than 18% since previous year i.e. from 3,085 in 2013 to 3,663 in 2014 having 338 facilities in India only. Also an increase in the plantation area of Organic Cotton has been observed from 15,973 hectors in 2013 to 18,234 hectors in 2014. This change in the increasing day by day

Organic Certification of Textiles

Cotton growers and ginning mills that comply with the standards can be certified as organic under the national organic program (NOP, USA), National program for Organic production (NPOP, India) and European Union 834/2007 (Europe). However, beyond the ginning stage textiles cannot be certified under these programs, because these regulations do not include prescribed standards for textile processing. In need of a harmonized and world-wide recognized organic textile standard an international working group was formed to provide the organic textiles standards regulation for textile industries.

GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standards)

The standard includes complete production form input raw material, process used, working environment, packaging, labeling, social criteria, environmental management etc. Having a min of 70% organic content in the final product. The first standard to cover complete process of manufacturing of textiles.

OCS/TE (Organic Content Standard/ Textile Exchange)

This standard is mainly concerned about the authenticity of the claimed organic content in the final product with minimum content of 5% organic component.

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