Region & country wise Legal Safety Requirements for garments, textile, leather, food, toys, footwear item.

Suppliers must understand and deliver the standards listed below for each of the relevant markets. If a supplier is producing the same goods for more than one market, all relevant countries standards and regulatory
requirements must be met.

The latest versions of these standards must always be used – but may not necessarily be those quoted in this guide and may not encompass all regulatory, industry and legal requirements. All products manufactured for consuming must comply with the relevant laws, industry standards and regulations. If technical standards in this manual are inconsistent with a relevant law or industry standard, it is our expectation that the product manufactured for consuming would meet or exceed the more stringent standard.

UK and Germany

** All products must be safe as defined in the European General Product Safety Directive 2001/95/EC and under normal or reasonable foreseeable conditions of use, must present no or minimal risk.

** The European Nickel Directive (94/27/EC) – this can be accessed on the following website:
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/lex/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31994L0027:EN:HTML
** The Toy Safety Directive 88/378/EEC relates to any toy intended for children aged 14 years and under, or products/novelty products which are appealing to children or provide play value. Standards are used such as EN71 Part 1 (2005) to assess the physical and mechanical hazards of the toy, EN71 Part 2 (2003) to assess any potential flammability hazard and EN71 Part 3 (1993) to assess any potential toxicity concerns. These standards can also be used in order to assess the overall safety of products outside the scope of the toy directive to aid compliance with the General Product Safety Directive 2001/95/EC

** The Food Imitations (Safety) Regulations 1989 SI No 1291 relates to all items which due to their form, colour, smell resemble foodstuffs/sweets or may encourage children to mouth, chew or swallow.

** Environmental Protection (Controls on Injurious Substances) (No 2) Regulations 1993 SI No 1643 (Cadmium in Certain Plastics) relates to all plastic items/components and all paints and similar surface coatings.

** Azo Directive 2002/61/EC relates to all textile and leather in contact with the skin and oral cavity.

** Azo dye ‘Blue colourant’ 2003/3/EC (OJ L 4, 9.1:2001 p12) restricted in all preparations used for colouring textiles and leather.

** Packaging (Essential Requirements) Regulations 2003 SI No 1941

** Microbiological Viability – Relates to marabou feathers, liquid filled items.

** Phthalates – A decision (1999/815/EC) has been made by the European Commission to ban certain phthalates in toys and any childcare articles until further notice. The ban states:

‘DEHP, DBP or BBP must not be used as substances or as constituents of
preparations, at concentrations of greater than 0.1% by mass of the plasticized material, in toys and childcare articles.
DINP, DIDP or DNOP must not be used as substances or as constituents of preparations, at concentrations of greater than 0.1% by mass of the plasticized material, in toys and childcare articles intended for children under three years of age and which can be placed in the mouth by them.’

phathalate

It is vital that any products on sale in childrenswear (0–3 years) that contain PVC (this could be dummies, bibs, plastisol prints or anything similar) comply with this standard – please make sure that all necessary products are tested.

** Safety of Children’s Clothing – Cords and Drawstrings on Children’s Clothing – Specifications (EN 14682:2004) relates directly to clothing but can also be used as guidance for accessories for any product with relevant components e.g cords, elastics.
UK only

** Consumer Protection Act, 1987
** Sale of Goods Act, 1979
** Trade Descriptions Act 1968
** Nightwear (Safety) Regulations 1985 SI No 2043
** Children’s Clothing (Hood Cords) Regulations 1976
** Code of Practice – The design and manufacture of Children’s clothing to promote mechanical safety BS 7907:1997.

Germany

** LMBG § 30 & 31 LMBG is the German Food and Commodities Law. If the test specimen corresponds to the requirement of 30 and 31 LMBG, it can be verified and documented as chemically safe and sold in Germany.

USA

** ASTM F963 is a specification that covers requirements and contains test methods for toys intended for use by children under 14 years, but is also applied to clothing.

** Title 16 , Code of Federal Regulations – relevant sections are referred to throughout the safety manual.
http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_04/16cfrv2_04.html

** Lead – The US has specified limits on lead content for surface coatings. These are contained in 16 CFR 1303, Ban of Lead-Containing Paint and Certain Consumer Products Bearing Lead-Containing Paint. The limits apply to all articles with a surface coating, including findings (components) used for textile products.

** Flammability – refer to section 23.

** State and Local Laws and Regulations – also set specific requirements for certain products. It is your responsibility to comply with all relevant state and local laws and regulations for your product.

Canada

** ASTM F963 is a specification that covers requirements and contains test methods for toys intended for use by children under 14 years, but is also be applied to clothing.

** Hazardous Products (Toys) Regulations CRC, c931 is a Canadian Federal regulation promulgated under the Hazardous Products Act. It pertains to any item that may be used by a child in ‘learning or play’. It describes how basic child safety requirements are considered, including requirements for guarding against mechanical and chemical hazards.

** Lead – Canada has set limits on lead content for surface coatings. Two legal documents set forth lead requirements for products sold in Canada. The Hazardous Products Act itself sets forth a basic lead limit. However, this has been further reduced by the Surface Coatings Materials Regulations which limits lead used in children’s products to 600 parts
per million (ppm). Therefore, paints and other coatings used on hardware, including findings, for children’s clothing cannot exceed this lead content.

** Flammability

Japan

** Control of Household Products containing Harmful Substances – Formaldehyde must not be present above 0.05 absorbency in any part of the product.

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1 Response

  1. Sonal says:

    Can you forward me the various Test methods used in different countries? Like India / UK / China etc? Thanks ! Your post was very helpful !

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