Why need to be sure your garment, apparel, leather, paper, carton product are “chlorinated phenols” free.

Pentachlorophenol
Tetrachlorophenol
Trichlorophenol

1. Chemically
Chlorphenols are synthetic white organic solids with needle-like crystals and a phenolic odour. They are derivatives from phenol, whose aromatic hydrogen atoms are replaced by chlorine in one or more times.

PCP1

2. Restricted Substances

PCP2

 3. Possible application
Chlorphenols were used as herbicides, insecticides and fungicides. Therefore they can be found in natural fibres and items as well as in papers, cartons and boxes.
Another possible application is as preservative agent in leather products. Fresh skin is prone to putrefactive bacteria and mould because of leavings of fat and protein leather. e.g. PCP would make it durable.

4. Effects
Chlorphenols can be produced by chlorination of phenol in the presence of a catalyst and high temperature. The process is incomplete, so that among other things dioxins and furans are produced, too.
Apart from this production problem chlorphenols, in particular PCP, are highly toxic. Exposure with PCP may result in irritate skin, eyes and mouth. Long-term exposure, even to low concentrations, may cause damage to the liver, blood and nervous system. The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) classifies PCP as probable human carcinogen.

e.g. PCP has followed risk-labelling:

PCP3

R 24/25 toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed
R 26 very toxic by inhalation
R 36/37/38 irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin
R 40 limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect (carcinogenic cat. 3)
R 50/53 very toxic to aquatic organism, may cause long-term adverse effects in
the aquatic environment

 

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